Essentials of Plus Size Modelling

 Modelling  industry is a glamorous one which most of the teenagers are attracted towards it as they are fascinated by getting dressed up and make up done to just walk down a runway. If you are interested in this career then you must have to accept certain things as well as some things you need to be prepared to do once you step into the industry. There are various types of  modelling  are available in the fashion world among those plus size model are considered to be the more difficult one.

You also be required to find the appropriate areas that work well for plus sized models. You have to be very confident about your self image and your body features in order to provide a positive impression to the outside world. Plus-size  modelling  promotes the real body shapes which include every aspects of  modelling  industry ranging from fashion shoots and major campaigns on promoting products such as skin care, hair care and make up products. If you think you have what the career requires to shine as a plus size model, then there are few important things you should be aware of regarding this field.

 Modelling  world is always open to thin and skinny model and it seemed breaking into the plus size  modelling  was impossible. But the present  modelling  world had been increasingly open their doors to the potential plus size model as it had started realizing the beauty in a plump and curvy figure. To enter into the plus size  modelling  you have to call up several  modelling  agencies to see to that if they are open to plus size modes. If they are, then you have to set up an appointment to meet the agency people. Along with dong some research you have to attend auditions and open calls which are the essential aspect in the  modelling  business. With this you will gain wide industrial exposure and you have to submit a professionalized portfolio of photographs which enable the client or agency to get an initial picture about you.

In order to make a good portfolio you can hire the services of professional photographers to carry out a mini photo shoot. Have at least 5 to 10 photographs which are unique and diversified that show off your image that depicts your range. Hiring a professional fashion photographer does not come cheap but you will end up with landing an assignment. At the time of photo shoot you should have simple look, and if you are interested on wearing a make up wear it in a moderate form. Mostly every model is expected not to wear make up so that the agency can get to access your real beauty. You should not be too formal in your attire at the same time you should not dress extravagantly. You should be aware of the latest happenings in the industry and keep yourself updated with the latest styles and trends. If your attitude and looks are unique and specific which is tuned along with hard work, patience and a little bit of fortune; you too become a plus size model.

Strengthening the CFO’s Role in Strategic Risk Management

Strengthening the CFO’s role in strategic risk management to lead Capital intensive business in market volatility

Capital Intensive Businesses

Capital-intensive business exists with lower margins. Management is always expecting Return on Capital Employed (ROCE) above the cost of capital. The major businesses are Oil & Gas, Infrastructure, Construction, IT etc.

Market Volatility Challenges

Market volatility, ceaseless pressure on margins and demanding stakeholders increase the difficulties of thriving in an increasingly interconnected, interdependent and unpredictable global economy.

Many organizations have yet to adapt to this new state of the economic landscape. Doing nothing is no longer an option – they need to adjust and take action now.

Many organizations are now transforming their businesses to strengthen their organization to save costs, create more client-centricity, restore stakeholder confidence and/or embed new business models.

For many organizations, long-term success depends on the success of these transformation programs. To make it more challenging, the margin for error continues to be small, and the environment in which transformation needs to happen continues to increase in complexity.

Strategic Risk Management

• It’s a process for identifying, assessing, and managing both internal and external events and risks that could impede the achievement of strategy and strategic objectives.

• The ultimate goal is creating and protecting shareholder and stakeholder value.

• It’s a primary component and necessary foundation of the organization’s overall enterprise risk management process.

• It is a component of Enterprises Risk Management (ERM), it is by definition effected by boards of directors, management, and others.

• It requires a strategic view of risk and consideration of how external and internal events or scenarios will affect the ability of the organization to achieve its objectives.

• It’s a continual process that should be embedded in strategy setting, strategy execution, and strategy management.

Identifying concrete steps for CFOs to increase involvement in risk management for investment decisions

Concrete Steps to Increase the CFO’s Involvement in Risk Management

• Build a tight link between risk management and other Business Process

• Lead a corporate-level discussion of Risk Preference, Focusing on Risk Choice and select optimal mix

• Use Risk Analytics to communicate investment and strategic Decisions

Build a tight link between risk management and other Business Process

• Focus on foresee issues which will emerging in the future instead of current issues.

• On the basis of prioritization a guidelines to be issued for which Business performance metrics would be effected.

• Business Planners conduct adhoc analysis of upside versus risk, focusing most, if not all, of other attention on a single “Center Cut” scenario.

• Highlighting exactly where and how risk will affect the Business Plan

• Incorporating systematic stress testing using macro scenarios which will reflects possible impact on financial planning

• Applying probabilistic “financial at risk” modeling for major investment decision these efforts. (Cash in hand vs cash needs)

Lead a corporate-level discussion of Risk Preference, Focusing on Risk Choice and select optimal mix

• It is critical to have clear answers to the following questions before making decisions:

o What is the company’s competence in the market?

o Are the decision makers familiar with the risks involved including the tail risks and understand their potential impact?

o Is the company capable of surviving extreme events?

• Risk appetite articulates the level of risk a company is prepared to accept to achieve its strategic objectives.

• Risk appetite frameworks help management understand a company’s risk profile, find an optimal balance between risk and return, and nurture a healthy risk culture in the organization. It explains the risk tolerance of the company both qualitatively and quantitatively.

• Qualitative measures specify major business strategies and business goals that set up the direction of the business and outline favourable risks.

• Quantitative measures provide concrete levels of risk tolerance and risk limits, critical in implementing effective risk management.

Use Risk Analytics to communicate investment and strategic Decisions

• CFO plays an important role in financial and strategic aspects of investments and the evaluation of major decision. He leads the discussion and rival proposals and solutions and often hold powerful decision rights.

• Major Projects with value at stake comparable to total risk from current company operations are discussed and decided with qualitative list of major risks.

• The CFO is ensuring by defining right set of core financial and risk analytics to run for each option to ensure this value stake is brought to light and debated.


Best Practices applicable for Company’s Financial Health

CFO have several options to compete more effectively in the Risk Management decisions. Improving returns starts with rethinking where to play-and with four strategic steps that many companies often overlook when it comes to improving performance.

Where to play: A more profit-focused portfolio

• The most pressing issue for leadership teams in capital intensive industries is whether to stay in businesses in which margins have been relentlessly driven down. Many companies are choosing to exit low-profit businesses that once were considered to be core. As they rebalance their portfolios, they are migrating up the value-added chain, investing in related sectors where new technologies can provide competitive advantages.

• Profit pool mapping is an important tool for assessing whether and where it makes sense to do business. In heavy industries, management teams often are so focused on volumes and tonnage that they overlook where the biggest profit pools are. By understanding the sources and distribution of profits across their industry, companies can gain an inside edge on improving returns.

• The premium end of the business typically represents a very large proportion of the profit pool. The best opportunities often cluster there for companies competing in capital-intensive industries.

• Picking the right place to play in the value chain is also critical to improving returns-and the most profitable spot varies across industries.

Best Practices applicable for Company’s Financial Health How to win: Four strategic steps to improving returns

1. Improve the cost base and review capex continually –

• In capital-intensive industries where low returns have become endemic, reducing costs and improving capex efficiency are important ways to improve performance – New developing market entrants in capital-intensive industries have built a strong competitive advantage by keeping capex relatively low. By contrast, the focus on cutting costs at many established players means they sometimes lose sight of improving capex. One way to get the balance right: Develop a more disciplined approach to managing capex, and benchmark the company’s performance against the industry’s leaders.

• Cost discipline makes a critical difference. One-time efforts usually fail to deliver savings that stick, as our research shows. One explanation is that in tough times, management teams are quick to cut costs, but when the cycle swings up, they tend to take their eye off cost improvement and focus on growth-related priorities.

• Developing a rigorous approach to cost improvement and nurturing the right capabilities to optimize working capital can help capital-intensive companies outperform.

2. Build the lowest-cost position

• Geography is another key factor for improving returns. Investing in geographies that offer the lowest landed cost position can create a strong competitive advantage. It’s particularly important in asset-heavy industries where the one-time cost of closing and moving businesses is high.

• The best-performing firms revisit their geographic footprint regularly, as cost dynamics are constantly evolving.

• Companies that can choose the lowest-cost geography up front gain a competitive edge. Those in mature industries need to weigh the short-term downside against the longer-term benefits of reducing complexity.

3. Use mergers and acquisitions strategically

• Smart acquisitions can help improve performance significantly, but many companies get off to a bad start by investing at the top of the cycle, when prices are at their peak, simply because that’s when cash is available. Leadership teams that take a strategic, disciplined and long-term approach to M&A instead of a tactical and episodic approach can improve returns significantly.

• Companies that nurture M&A as a core competence derive the greatest value from them. Their leadership teams devote time to developing a structured roadmap of the most attractive potential targets, making it easier to acquire assets when the right opportunity comes along-and to target acquisitions at the bottom of the cycle.

• Companies that are most experienced in M&A build their capabilities over time. They search hard for merger or acquisition candidates that will add to their operating profit and fuel balanced growth. They pursue nearly as many scope deals as scale deals, moving into adjacent markets as well as expanding their share of existing markets. Most importantly, they create Repeatable Models for identifying, evaluating and then closing good deals. What they typically find is that there are plenty of good prospects to be pursued and that the risk involved decreases with experience.

4. Service ace

• For traditional capital-intensive industries, service can be a highly profitable business in its own right, generating better and faster return on investment than new production facilities, large-scale R&D programs or acquisitions.

• Indeed, for many industrial manufacturers, investing in service is the only way to sustainably grow profits in a tough economic environment. Investing in a service business also lowers capital intensity.

• Investing in a world-class service business can become a strategic ace, elevating a company above competitors in an environment where differentiation on products and cost is difficult to achieve. The range of service opportunities, some larger than others, will vary by industry and company. Here again, mapping profit pools can help identify the potential size of service businesses and those with the greatest returns.

o There is no question that companies in capital-intensive industries operate in a difficult environment today. But leadership teams that commit to a bold ambition have opportunities to break away from the pack and achieve double-digit returns significantly above the cost of capital.

Best Practices applicable for Company’s Financial Health-Getting there requires a strategic shift toward a more profit-focused portfolio:

• Find the most attractive profit pools in your businesses.

• Adopt a mindset of continual cost improvement and capex optimization.

• Look for opportunities to drive down the company’s landed cost footprint by investing in the right geographies.

• Develop strong in-house M&A expertise and a structured roadmap of potential deals.

• Invest in related service businesses

Leadership teams that take these steps will not only give returns a powerful boost, they also will help to rebuild competitive advantage and position their companies to win in a changed industrial landscape.

Reengineering Strategies to improve the link Between Risk Management and Business Planning Process

• Business process reengineering is one approach for redesigning the way work is done to better support the organization’s mission and reduce costs.

• Reengineering starts with a high-level assessment of the organization’s mission, strategic goals, and customer needs.

• Within the framework of this basic assessment of mission and goals, reengineering focuses on the organization’s business processes–the steps and procedures that govern how resources are used to create products and services that meet the needs of particular customers or markets.

• Reengineering identifies, analyses, and redesigns an organization’s core business processes with the aim of achieving dramatic improvements in critical performance measures, such as cost, quality, service, and speed.

• Reengineering recognizes that an organization’s business processes are usually fragmented into sub processes and tasks that are carried out by several specialized functional areas within the organization.

• The CFO Act focuses on the need to significantly improve the government’s financial management and reporting practices. Having appropriate financial systems with accurate data is critical to measuring performance and reducing the costs of operations

Management & Decision Support Structure

• Investigate suggestion for reducing costs and to make them practical and acceptable

• Obtain definite prices and costs

• Present recommendation in comprehensive report

People & Organization

• Organize around outcomes and not tasks

• Have those who use the output of the process perform the process

• Built control in process systems

• Treat geographically dispersed resources

Policies & Regulations

• Develop policies and procedures

• Comply with compliances

• Environmental compatibility

Information & Technology

• Information should go along with the process

• Link all activities

• Capture information at source

• Create reports and real time online updates

Frame for Assessing Reengineering

• Assessing the Organisation’s Decision to Pursue Reengineering

• Reassessing of Its Mission and Strategic Goals

• Identifying Performance Problems and Set Improvement Goals

• Engagement in Reengineering

• Assessing the New Process’ Development

• Appropriately Managing of Reengineering Project

• Analysis of the Target Process and Developed with Feasible Alternatives

• Completion of Sound Business Case for Implementing the New Process

• Assessing Project Implementation and Results

• Following a Comprehensive Implementation Plan

• Executives Addressing Change Management Issues

• New Process Achieving the Desired Results


CFOs need to develop a stronger focus on the economic and performance drivers of their business and need to understand how the effective allocation of scarce resource will help them achieve financial objectives. The CFO must build a performance management capability that can:

• Provide visibility and analysis of information to support resource allocation

• Support the decision-making process by providing the right information to the right people at the right time

• Demonstrate the financial impacts of different decisions and scenarios to enable the organization to predict and compare outcomes

• Incentivize executives and managers to make decisions that maximize marginal contribution

• Enable a data-driven view on resource allocations across the entire value chain (to include corporate strategy; sales, marketing and customer service; supply chain manufacturing and production; finance, HR, legal and compliance)

• Identify the most critical decision points that drive economic performance

With a unique perspective across the entire business, CFOs can provide valuable insight into the decisions that create or protect marginal contribution across the value chain. Armed with a detailed understanding of how and where growth in sales leads to growth in profits, they can offer an objective assessment of fixed and variable costs, and then identify how a reduction in costs can maintain revenues while improving profit contribution.

• Establish a clear, forward-looking line of sight on relevant data for critical decision points

Finance must have access to a robust data set, built around the decisions that drive most economic value in the organization, including assessment of opportunity cost. This demands accurate, verifiable underlying data and an understanding of how the data relates to value chain decisions. This will enable the CFO to conduct scenario planning around these different decision points.

• Develop aligned performance management processes that drive rational decisions

Finance must be able to translate insights and understanding into the desired end product – rational decisions that maximize the desired economic return. Aligning traditional resource allocation processes with business objectives helps ensure repeatability and the sustainability of the organization.

• Ensure compliance and make sure that finance’s voice is heard

The CFO and finance function must be positioned appropriately within the organization to be able to influence decision-making and action. Additionally, finance professionals must improve communication and influencing skills to ensure that their voice is heard and their advice is valued and acted upon.

Chip Designing Made Easy


The word of Chip designing means building an integrated Chip, by integrating billions of transistors to

achieve an application. An Application could be suiting a particular requirement like Microprocessor, Router, cell phone, etc. An Integrated circuit designed for a specific application is called as ASIC(Application Specific Integrated Circuits).

Todays ASIC Chips is prettly complex packed with larger chunk of transistors targeted to a specific

manufacturing process for fabricating the integrated circuits, in a sub nanometer regime, involving lots and lots of challenges, like knowledge of various protocols, architectures, models, formats, standards, knowledge about CMOS logic, Digital Design concepts, taming the EDA tool for the various design requirement’s like area, timing, power, thermal, noise, routability, lithography aware, knowledge about Various variabilities like channel length, Vt, line width variations, lens abrreations, IR drop effects,inter-die, intra die-variations, effects, and various noise-effects like Package noise,EMI noise,power grid noise,cross-talk noise and ability to test and validate and know to model and characterize all these effects upfront in the design-phase,steps to increase yield to increase profitability curve, with short span of time-to market to minimize the risk and maximize the predictability and an modular approach to Success. Now let’s dwelve in to the “Art of Chip Designing”

Used lot of Technical Jargons, nothing to worry about we will get in there soon…Be with me promise you to understand the Concepts behind Chip Desiging.

Before Designing a Chip? Need to Brain Storm

1. What market the Chip is targeted for?

2. What are the Protocols involved in the Chip?

3. What is going to be our Processor/Bus Architecutes?

4. what is the power/IR-drop/timing/Area/Yield/ targets and how to budget it in the Chip?

5. What is the process in which the Chip going to be manufactured?

7. what are the various third party IP’s/Memory requirements?

8. what is our Design flow and EDA tools and methodology involved?

9. What is the estimated Chip Cost?

10. Above all the bottom line of any business model is money, What will be our Profit model ,estimation of our ROI(Return of investment).

Analogy of Chip Design Architecture Vs Building Architecture.

Why an Analogy with Building Architecture,It is just to understand the concepts of Chip desiging in a better way, as we are very familiar with Building Architecture, then it will be easy for us to map Chip Design architecture.

VLSI(Very large scale Integration) flow was evolved similar to the flow involved in Building Construction.Now let us dwelve in to the construction flow to better understand the VLSI Chip design flow development.

When ever we start to construct a building, we will have an architecture, how the building should look like , the exterior looks and all, similar to that we will be designing an architecture in the chip-design, based on the requirement of the product, what the product is addressed for and whom to serve what needs, the so called specification, will having the modules.

Now lets go in to the implementation part of both the Building & Chip.

We at first come with the floorplan of the building, similarly we come with the floorplan of the Chip, Based on the connectivity/accessibility/vaasthu we place our rooms, similarly we have the constraints to place the blocks. Like we build the building with bricks, for Chip Design we have libraries, which are like pre-designed bricks, for a specific functionality.

Now let us try to understand the power-structure or electrical connectivity in our Building. Initially we have an Electrical plan for our building, where we have a requirement that all our electrical gadgets needs to get power. Similar to that we have a Chip power requirement, The required power is supplied through the power-pads, over a ring like topology to have a uniform distribution across all corners of the chip, and the supply has to reach all the standard-cells(bricks for Chip-Designing).,this is called as power-grid topology in the Chip-Design, now the requirement is how well we design our Power-grid, to reduce the IR-drop so that our standard-cells get proper power requirement.

I would not make justice, if I don’t discuss about clock and clock-tree in the Chip-Design flow. We have

synchronous way of designing and asynchronous way of designing(difficult to verify). Majority of chips follow Synchronous way of coding, for which Static Timing Analysis is possible. For the relevancy of the flops the clock to those flops should reach at the same time from the crystal, with in some skew targets with in the chip.In order to make this happen, a step called as clock-tree is performed after power-grid is created.

Let us try to visualize the concept behind Place & Route in Chip Design. We need to undergo lot of modeling concepts, to understand the process of Chip-Designing. To have a better understanding of this concept of place and route, let us assume a society where people who are speaking different languages are living , and let us visualize that people talking of the same languages are living in a community, then the communication is much easier , similar way in the chip-designing, the standard-cells who are having design relation-ships, are placed closer in the Placement flow this concept is called as regioning. Now with in the regioning, of the groups of the standard-cells, the cells which are really sharing data, has to placed close-by so that there timing is achieved and well optimized.This step is called placement, Connectivity across the standard-cells is called as routing, the challenge is having optimized or reduced wire-lengths.

Now let us try to try to understand the concept behind signal integrity in the Chip-Design , often called us SI Effect. As our process is shrinking day by day, and our silicon-realestate is costly, we try to

accommodate more and more standard-cells in the limited area, so the cells are placed in very close

proximity, so the switching of one can have an impact over the others behaviour, which can make the path to be faster or slower, this issue is called as signal-integrity. So similar way in our construction in order to maintain the integrity with in the house(neighbour free-zone), within the limited zone of modurality, we try to create fences, across buildings, similarly we can think of a concept called as Shielding, the high frequency signal net with the power-nets running across. We perform spacing across the buildings, similar way we can perform spacing across the nets, which are in close proximities.

In order to validate the silicon from the manufacturability issues, the concept in the Chip Desigining is

Design for Test(DFT). One of the DFT techniques is scan-chain. To understand the concept of the scan-chain, we can visualize that we have a front-door entry and a back-door exit, and a person passes from the front-door and exits from the back-door exit of the building, that we are sure that there is no blocking within the rooms in the building, to make that person stuck , similar to this analogy the flip-flops are connected to-gether creating a scan-chain and test-input values are passed from the scan-chain input of the chip and expected data is visualized in the scan-chain output of the chip, then the assumption is the chip is free from manufacturability issues like stuck-at faults(stuck-at one or stuck at zeros).

Further Concepts and Knowledge in chip Designing , Visit Now, Free Access

Signs Of Sexual Violation?

One 8 year-old child’s “responses” to a divorce made her mother increasingly concerned. The mother was well aware that her daughter would likely go through a stage of taking anger out on her. However, the child’s anger seemed way over the top.

She began routinely calling her mother names for no apparent reason at all she started her mother and her 4 year-old sister often. She frequently tells her mother that she hates her as well.

But what got the mother the most concerned was the onset of some strange behavior. The 8 year-old began spending much of her time each day retracing steps, repeatedly turning lights on and off, opening and then closing the garage door and also saving “trash” items such as used tissue and napkins, receipts, food wrappers, and even trash from the ground that she finds. She also began going to bed surrounded by many things that she feels she needs in order to sleep. It became very difficult to get to bed in the evenings, to get to school each morning, and do anything else in-between.

If you are encountering behaviors like this, it may be some pretty heavy form of testing, or it may indeed be more than that. Sometimes a very stressful event can trigger a psychological problem; by diminishing the stress in the child’s life, the child may be able to “heal herself”. If you put the following into practice for 90 days and the situation continues to worsen, it may be necessary to pursue a psychiatric route.

Pay extremely close attention to the stress levels in the home. Eliminate any form of anger and stress as much as possible. She needs as much peace and relaxation as possible to heal. When she behaves inappropriately, keep your cool no matter what. When you get worked up, you just work her up, and that will not work.

Regarding the child’s hitting, a child definitely does NOT engage hitting for “no reason”. There is always a reason. I’m not saying that the reason necessarily justifies the behavior. I’m just saying that something is provoking her behavior. Begin paying closer attention to see if you can determine what the provocation is. If it seems reasonable to do so, making some adjustments may reduce or eliminate the hitting.

Hitting is a way of communicating when other forms of communicating don’t work. Pay closer attention to detect the form of communication your child tries prior to the hitting, and see if you can respond to that before her communication efforts escalate. She may not be using words. It may be a gesture or a look on the face that conveys that she is having a problem.

Protect yourself and her brother from getting hit by physically creating space between you and the person she is trying to hit. Give her a punching pillow to hit when she feels angry. Tell her how you want to be communicated with when she has a problem, and promise to help her. If you cannot give her what she demands, than don’t; but remain calm, confident, kind even when you have to let her be unhappy.

Her hitting may diminish as she finds better ways of communicating. Try to get this child to open up to you, to talk to you about what is going on, what she is feeling. Also, invite her to communicate in other ways than just words, such as having her draw pictures or play with her dolls or toys in a way that tells you what is happening (she may already be doing this and you just need to interpret the meaning). It may be helpful to have her talk to someone else like a counselor or relative she feels safe with; see a play therapist or even a speech therapist can help her to feel safe enough to open up.

Children copy behaviors they have been exposed to. Is anyone   modeling  the kinds of behaviors she is displaying? Has anyone done so in the past? If anyone is hitting her, for instance, that makes it virtually impossible for her to stop hitting.

A divorce can be shattering to a child, and this 8 year-old is showing signs of extreme insecurity. Help her to feel secure by practicing feeling secure and confident around her no matter how she behaves. The feelings she is exposed to mirror how she herself will feel.

Surrounding herself with lots of “stuff” is likely her attempt to create a “buffer” between her and the reality she now feels so out of control over. Try bringing some sanity into the situation by helping her to choose stuff more appropriate to sleep with: clean and soft stuffed animals or towels or extra pillows. Do not permit anything hard-edged or dirty. Let her know that she can sleep with lots of stuff if she wants, but you must okay the stuff she chooses. This begins a positive trend.

Her clinging to garbage may very well be an expression of low self-esteem. Frankly, this kind of behavior often expresses physical or sexual violation that she has experienced. It is her attempt to express that she feels like garbage because she is being made to feel “dirty”. This sort of thing commonly follows a sexual violation. Being only 8, she may be able to find no better way of telling you how she feels. Also, the fact that she is going to bed with lots of “stuff” surrounding her, suggests that she does not feel safe in bed, that the violations may very well have taken place in a bed.

When this child tells you that she hates you, she may very well be echoing the feelings or words expressed by someone who she has heard speaking to you that way; but on a deeper level, she is probably really saying that she hates herself because she feels responsible for something going very wrong in her life. It may simply be the divorce. It may be more serious than that.

Her retracing her steps may indicate that she keeps going back in her mind to something that happened to her, something she just cannot figure out, something she wishes she could make go away.

Turning lights on and off may indicate that what has happened to her took place in the dark. It could also indicate that she is feels “in the dark” about this event and she is trying to “shed some light” on an answer or solution that is beyond her. Closing and opening the garage door may indicate that she is looking for a way out of her dilemma, or that it may have something to do with a car or where she gets driven to.

I realize all of this is symbolic, but such behaviors tend to express unconsciously, in a sort of dream-language, what our conscious minds cannot adequately grapple with. What you want to do is to help this child to feel safe enough to open up and speak directly so that she can get some solutions.

Be extremely aware of whom this child is spending time with outside of your presence. What happened in the past may be happening still.

Probably no one can say with certainty that a sexual violation has happened here. What I can say is that this child needs to feel safe to open up and communicate regarding something that makes her feel extremely vulnerable.

Regarding the challenges you are facing with getting her to bed, to school, etc. definitely do NOT try to enforce things using anger or stress. Do your best to NOT express feelings of frustration toward her. Give her the help she needs to get ready and go. Concentrate on guiding her through loving and safe connection rather than fierce or impatient direction; and be patient with small degrees of progress.

Establishing some clear rules for her behavior, backed up with consequences involving a temporary restriction of non-essential privileges may help her to get her behavior on track as well. But do not over-rely on firmness to improve her self-control. Firmness needs to be balanced by a deeply loving connection, and never employed in ways that cause the child to feel unsafe or uncared about.

The First Steps Towards Becoming A Working Actor

So your bags are packed and your next destination is Hollywood to pursue your life long dream of becoming a movie star. No one will say its an easy road to take, so hats off to you for going through with this journey. This article will save you a lot of time in preparation when you make it there. The first thing you need to do is land an agent. Listed below are the four main things you need to have/do in order to get that agent.


Before an actor becomes an actor, they are put in training. The same way a boxer conditions his or her body to become a better fighter, an actor trains through acting classes, to hone his or her craft.

Acting classes are the basics, where you start before anything else if your desire is to become an actor. You develop your skills using various techniques to mentally train your mind to transform yourself as a person saying words written on paper, into a person living in a moment of truth. There is no single method or technique that is correct; it’s all about finding the approach that works for you. Again, just like every boxer has a unique style, every actor brings something different to the table. Whether you identify with Sanford Meisner, Constantin Stanislavski, Lee Strasberg, Stella Adler, or somebody entirely different, a great acting program will offer one or a combination of the techniques that work for you.


The first thing an agent or casting director look at (whether finding new talent or filling a role) is a headshot.

A headshot is an accurate picture of you, representing your physical attributes. A headshot photo is often of one’s face, but just as fashion trends come and go, headshot framing can be trendy as well. Another great reason to have a current photo, is so that you don’t seem outdated in terms of style, color, and formatting. A person’s entire body can be used in a headshot when submitting to a   modeling  agency.

A “look” is an actor’s demeanor in a photo. If an actor wishes to audition primarily for comedic roles, the photographer will direct him into a playful mood, capturing images of the actor smiling, and perhaps looking a bit goofy. For action roles, the demeanor could be more intense and serious. This is not necessarily a rule, but rather a way of creating an advantage for those going after specific roles.

When just beginning a career, it is crucial to have a variety of photos to demonstrate versatility and to open up as many doors as possible. Don’t pigeon-hole yourself right away, but at the same time, be honest with yourself. Know what you can and can’t do as an actor and get pictures that correlate with your repertoire of skills.

At the very least, an actor just starting out needs a commercial shot (generally a smiley picture used for commercial auditions) and a theatrical shot (generally more serious, used for film and television auditions).


An actor’s resume displays the work they have done. A rule of thumb in the industry is to have your resume stapled at the corners and behind your headshot, making a clean attachment for casting directors and agents who sift through hundreds of headshots, looking for that person with the right look for a particular role. Although almost all submissions are digital these days, having hard copies of your picture and resume is still expected.

Your resume should consist of only the most the basic info: your name and contact information (either personal phone number and/or email address, or that of your agent/manager). If you belong to SAG-AFTRA you should indicate that as well. Putting your height, weight, and hair/eye color used to be standard, but has begun to phase out.

List the most prominent productions you have been involved in, and the details should be broken down into different headings: Film & TV, Theater and New Media (web series). Once your credits begin to grow, the heading of Film and TV can be broken up into two categories. Next you should list your training. Acting classes, theatre, voice over training, etc.

Lastly, the most commonly overlooked section of a resume: Special Skills. Here is where you can brag about hidden talents you have, or cash in on ordinary talents. List the sports you play, the games you know, the accents you can do, the languages you speak, etc… You’d be surprised how many actors can book a role simply because they know how to hula hoop or, believe it or not, drive a manual transmission. You can also use this section to be creative and write something that will stand out and make you memorable. If you can freestyle rap, for example, that’s a great way to grab attention on a resume, just be prepared to show it off if and when you’re asked about it. DO NOT LIE on you Special Skills section. It will only hurt you in the long run.

Now here’s the catch 22. You need an agent to get work, but you can’t get work without an agent. So how do you get work without an agent to start? I’ve been in this predicament, and had an agent call me and tell me this exact bit of information.

“A good agent won’t represent somebody who doesn’t have an acting background, even if you found one that did, you don’t want that type of agent representing you. You need to focus on building your resume. Get enrolled in some acting classes, and for work, try looking into either Craigslist to get involved in any student films, or and do some extra work. All of this will help build your resume and show you are serious about acting.”


After you feel you’ve taken enough acting classes, had your headshots taken, it’s time to start looking for representation. It’s very difficult getting represented by an agent with just your headshots, resume and acting training. You need a video montage of you showing off your acting chops. This where a demo reel comes in handy.

A demo reel is a collection of scenes edited together to showcase the ability of an actor. Demo reels are also made for directors, cinematographers and editors as well. For an actor, a demo reel can be used to show their genre range, mixing in various works they have done from dramatic to comedic. They can also be tailored to represent an actor in one complete genre, such as an all action genre reel. This usually comes only after the actor has enough credits to warrant separate reels.

A good demo reel is usually between three to five minutes in length and displays anywhere from six to eight scenes. Sizzle reels, are a trimmed down version of a demo reel, usually running no more than one minute in length with music overlaying the edited footage giving a “teaser” type effect. Sizzle reels are becoming quite popular, as they are quick and stylish. It is good to have both, as every agent has their own reservation for what they want submitted.

The biggest mistake people make in getting their demo reel made is that they over do it. Often times I’ve seen demo reels consisting of scenes of a person screaming at the top of their lungs or crying, or holding a gun and shooting someone. A great demo reel should be 2 things, subtle and entertaining. Keep that in mind. And always lead with your best stuff, either your most impressive credit, or the clip(s) that showcase you the best. Remember, the person watching the reel doesn’t love you as much as you might love yourself, and isn’t likely to watch the entire thing, no matter how short it is.


At the end of it all, you’ve got enough acting classes under your belt, you have a great new headshot, your resume is substantial and growing, and you have a reel that represents you well, it is now time for you to find an agent. You can check out our updated Agent list. We hope this article has been a good source of information to you. Check out our site for other articles related to the world of acting. Good luck on your journey, looking forward to seeing you on the silver screen!

Types Of Outdoor Toys You Can Place In Your Backyard

Buying outdoor toys for your kids could be a truly fulfilling activity. With television and computers emerging as the prime free time agendas for your little ones, you seriously need to take necessary steps for sending them outdoors and keeping them engaged in healthy activities amidst natural settings. Watching too much television or playing computer games can not only transform their lifestyle into a sedentary one, they are also responsible for creating health related complications which can lead to stunted mental and physical growth. Extensive indulgence in audio-visual mediums is also known to be extremely damaging for the eye-sight of your little one.

However, the attraction that your child could possess for a particular cartoon series or a nerve chilling video game could seem to be potentially unchallengeable. In order to draw them to the backyard instead, you need to place innovative as well as interesting outdoor toys for making their outings equally thrilling and productive. The purchase of outdoor toys should be made after much deliberation so that your child finds immense fulfilment in them and looks forward to his or her backyard playing sessions more than anything else.

Active Equipment

Some active equipment could do just fine in your backyard. These will encourage physical activity and bring in some athleticism into their otherwise inactive schedule. This is a great way for improving their stamina and metabolism, encouraging overall growth and development. You can buy simple bats and balls which will make them run around a great deal. Balls are great for bouncing and throwing games. Some easy to aim foam archery sets could do just as fine. Flying discs, saucers and rockets should serve the purpose too. All these toys aim for physical fitness and encourage the kid to take his energy level to newer heights.

Creative Equipment

Some well planned creative equipment should also be able to keep your child engaged in fruitful activity for longer sessions. There are   modelling  toys available specifically for outdoor activity. They generally have lightweight plastic tubes and other related parts which can be used to make comparatively larger structures like tents, space shuttles, rockets and so on, which can keep them glued. Alternatively, you can also buy non toxic playing sands and clays for imaginative kids who can use them for creating innovative models and structures.

Swings And Slides

If you have the available space for installing swings and slides, they can prove to be excellent outdoor toys. Kids spend hours playing on children’s swings in groups. Swings could be ideal for children across almost all age groups, especially when they have company to play. Swirling on tyre based swings could be one of the most thrilling experiences to enjoy in your backyard. Slides or other similar equipment could also do just fine, if there are no space constraints.

For older kids, you can also opt for more sophisticated toys like hobby equipments which are used for model rocketry projects and the likes.

The Branding of a Beach Babe Sex Symbol

Branding is a very important thing for very large corporations, but there is another kind of branding that is not often talked about. The branding of people. Politicians, movie stars and professional athletes are wise to spend time thinking about branding and hiring professional public relations specialists and image consultants. With the millions of dollars of endorsements available to professional athletes and movie stars it makes sense to have strong brand identity.

But how do you brand a Beach Babe as a sex symbol? The branding of society sex symbols is a tricky subject and if it is done wrong you can ruin a person’s career and they will be fed to the paparazzi, like a raw flesh to barracuda. The branding of the successful beach babe sex symbols can be seen in magazines like Sports Illustrated. Even Playboy Magazine has done an excellent job, without going too far over the top, although they do push it to the limit too often.

Once a young starlet is branded as a Beach Babe sex symbol her career will really take off both in the movies and in print modeling work. But she must be careful not to allow anyone to stereotype her in a way, which puts her in a bad light with her fan clubs or movie viewers. It is not difficult in Hollywood to be branded as a sex symbol, but once you are it is difficult to maintain the top tier level, as new sex symbols enter the realm. Please consider all this in 2006.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Laser Stereolithography

Laser stereolithography, or 3d printing for short, is an additive manufacturing process that uses liquid polymer and an ultraviolet laser to make intricate objects. The object is produced by running the UV laser in the photopolymer, a liquid plastic that hardens when it is exposed to UV light. The object is created layer upon layer so it is possible to create objects that are hollow inside.

This process is particularly helpful in the manufacturing industry; as it lessens the time it takes for a prototype part to be produced. In an industry where time is money, it’s better if you can go through research and development faster.

You can create almost any shape you can imagine using 3d printing. As long as you can creates it in any CAD program you can use 3d printing to create a model. And because the whole process is controlled by computers, the possibility of human error is zero.

Though it is a very helpful tool in manufacturing it is not without its drawbacks. One is that you can only make relatively small objects, roughly the size of a 2 foot cube. This is because large scale 3d printing machines aren’t available as of yet, but maybe in the near future it will be possible.

The other disadvantage is the money involved. The photopolymer alone costs $300-$500, not to mention the machine itself which will set you back $500,000.

But nowadays there are a few companies that offer 3d printing services that are pretty affordable.

The advent of laser stereolithography just shows how rapid technology has evolved. Why, just a few years ago manufacturers used knives and modeling clay to sculpt prototype parts, now they’re using lasers. That’s a huge leap.

Digging Up Dollars With Data Mining – An Executive’s Guide


Traditionally, organizations use data tactically – to manage operations. For a competitive edge, strong organizations use data strategically – to expand the business, to improve profitability, to reduce costs, and to market more effectively. Data mining (DM) creates information assets that an organization can leverage to achieve these strategic objectives.

In this article, we address some of the key questions executives have about data mining. These include:

  • What is data mining?
  • What can it do for my organization?
  • How can my organization get started?

Business Definition of Data Mining

Data mining is a new component in an enterprise’s decision support system (DSS) architecture. It complements and interlocks with other DSS capabilities such as query and reporting, on-line analytical processing (OLAP), data visualization, and traditional statistical analysis. These other DSS technologies are generally retrospective. They provide reports, tables, and graphs of what happened in the past. A user who knows what she’s looking for can answer specific questions like: “How many new accounts were opened in the Midwest region last quarter,” “Which stores had the largest change in revenues compared to the same month last year,” or “Did we meet our goal of a ten-percent increase in holiday sales?”

We define data mining as “the data-driven discovery and modeling of hidden patterns in large volumes of data.” Data mining differs from the retrospective technologies above because it produces models – models that capture and represent the hidden patterns in the data. With it, a user can discover patterns and build models automatically, without knowing exactly what she’s looking for. The models are both descriptive and prospective. They address why things happened and what is likely to happen next. A user can pose “what-if” questions to a data-mining model that can not be queried directly from the database or warehouse. Examples include: “What is the expected lifetime value of every customer account,” “Which customers are likely to open a money market account,” or “Will this customer cancel our service if we introduce fees?”

The information technologies associated with DM are neural networks, genetic algorithms, fuzzy logic, and rule induction. It is outside the scope of this article to elaborate on all of these technologies. Instead, we will focus on business needs and how data mining solutions for these needs can translate into dollars.

Mapping Business Needs to Solutions and Profits

What can data mining do for your organization? In the introduction, we described several strategic opportunities for an organization to use data for advantage: business expansion, profitability, cost reduction, and sales and marketing. Let’s consider these opportunities very concretely through several examples where companies successfully applied DM.

Expanding your business: Keystone Financial of Williamsport, PA, wanted to expand their customer base and attract new accounts through a LoanCheck offer. To initiate a loan, a recipient just had to go to a Keystone branch and cash the LoanCheck. Keystone introduced the $5000 LoanCheck by mailing a promotion to existing customers.

The Keystone database tracks about 300 characteristics for each customer. These characteristics include whether the person had already opened loans in the past two years, the number of active credit cards, the balance levels on those cards, and finally whether or not they responded to the $5000 LoanCheck offer. Keystone used data mining to sift through the 300 customer characteristics, find the most significant ones, and build a model of response to the LoanCheck offer. Then, they applied the model to a list of 400,000 prospects obtained from a credit bureau.

By selectively mailing to the best-rated prospects determined by the DM model, Keystone generated $1.6M in additional net income from 12,000 new customers.

Reducing costs: Empire Blue Cross/Blue Shield is New York State’s largest health insurer. To compete with other healthcare companies, Empire must provide quality service and minimize costs. Attacking costs in the form of fraud and abuse is a cornerstone of Empire’s strategy, and it requires considerable investigative skill as well as sophisticated information technology.

The latter includes a data mining application that profiles each physician in the Empire network based on patient claim records in their database. From the profile, the application detects subtle deviations in physician behavior relative to her/his peer group. These deviations are reported to fraud investigators as a “suspicion index.” A physician who performs a high number of procedures per visit, charges 40% more per patient, or sees many patients on the weekend would be flagged immediately from the suspicion index score.

What has this DM effort returned to Empire? In the first three years, they realized fraud-and-abuse savings of $29M, $36M, and $39M respectively.

Improving sales effectiveness and profitability: Pharmaceutical sales representatives have a broad assortment of tools for promoting products to physicians. These tools include clinical literature, product samples, dinner meetings, teleconferences, golf outings, and more. Knowing which promotions will be most effective with which doctors is extremely valuable since wrong decisions can cost the company hundreds of dollars for the sales call and even more in lost revenue.

The reps for a large pharmaceutical company collectively make tens of thousands of sales calls. One drug maker linked six months of promotional activity with corresponding sales figures in a database, which they then used to build a predictive model for each doctor. The data-mining models revealed, for instance, that among six different promotional alternatives, only two had a significant impact on the prescribing behavior of physicians. Using all the knowledge embedded in the data-mining models, the promotional mix for each doctor was customized to maximize ROI.

Although this new program was rolled out just recently, early responses indicate that the drug maker will exceed the $1.4M sales increase originally projected. Given that this increase is generated with no new promotional spending, profits are expected to increase by a similar amount.

Looking back at this set of examples, we must ask, “Why was data mining necessary?” For Keystone, response to the loan offer did not exist in the new credit bureau database of 400,000 potential customers. The model predicted the response given the other available customer characteristics. For Empire, the suspicion index quantified the differences between physician practices and peer (model) behavior. Appropriate physician behavior was a multi-variable aggregate produced by data mining – once again, not available in the database. For the drug maker, the promotion and sales databases contained the historical record of activity. An automated data mining method was necessary to model each doctor and determine the best combination of promotions to increase future sales.

Getting Started

In each case presented above, data mining yielded significant benefits to the business. Some were top-line results that increased revenues or expanded the customer base. Others were bottom-line improvements resulting from cost-savings and enhanced productivity. The natural next question is, “How can my organization get started and begin to realize the competitive advantages of DM?”

In our experience, pilot projects are the most successful vehicles for introducing data mining. A pilot project is a short, well-planned effort to bring DM into an organization. Good pilot projects focus on one very specific business need, and they involve business users up front and throughout the project. The duration of a typical pilot project is one to three months, and it generally requires 4 to 10 people part-time.

The role of the executive in such pilot projects is two-pronged. At the outset, the executive participates in setting the strategic goals and objectives for the project. During the project and prior to roll out, the executive takes part by supervising the measurement and evaluation of results. Lack of executive sponsorship and failure to involve business users are two primary reasons DM initiatives stall or fall short.

In reading this article, perhaps you’ve developed a vision and want to proceed – to address a pressing business problem by sponsoring a data mining pilot project. Twisting the old adage, we say “just because you should doesn’t mean you can.” Be aware that a capability assessment needs to be an integral component of a DM pilot project. The assessment takes a critical look at data and data access, personnel and their skills, equipment, and software. Organizations typically underestimate the impact of data mining (and information technology in general) on their people, their processes, and their corporate culture. The pilot project provides a relatively high-reward, low-cost, and low-risk opportunity to quantify the potential impact of DM.

Another stumbling block for an organization is deciding to defer any data mining activity until a data warehouse is built. Our experience indicates that, oftentimes, DM could and should come first. The purpose of the data warehouse is to provide users the opportunity to study customer and market behavior both retrospectively and prospectively. A data mining pilot project can provide important insight into the fields and aggregates that need to be designed into the warehouse to make it really valuable. Further, the cost savings or revenue generation provided by DM can provide bootstrap funding for a data warehouse or related initiatives.

Recapping, in this article we addressed the key questions executives have about data mining – what it is, what the benefits are, and how to get started. Armed with this knowledge, begin with a pilot project. From there, you can continue building the data mining capability in your organization; to expand your business, improve profitability, reduce costs, and market your products more effectively.

Copyright Discovery Corps, Inc., 2011

How to Tailor Your Modeling Portfolio

A modeling portfolio consists of collection of your modeling pictures and the required number of pictures varies with the modeling agency. But you should focus on the quality picture than on the number. There are several cases where an average looking girls having few but quality pictures got selected to be a part of this modeling world in one chance. So it could be said that modeling portfolio is a set of professional pictures that helps you in achieving the best assignments.

Now coming to the point as to how to tailor your modeling portfolio you have to understand the dos and don’ts in this process. Keep strong pictures of 9 by 12 inches. This size is considered as the standard size. Collect black and white photograph since it is the favorite choice of the industry. You will be required to buy 11 by 14 inches of book (portfolio) from your agency where you can keep your important snaps. To make your portfolio versatile you need to shoot for a casual head shot, styled head shot, body shot where you need to wear conservative swimsuit or lingerie, a fashion shot that should be hot and sexy, action shot, an editorial shot and even a catalogue shot. And most importantly you should remember to replace the older pictures with newer one as you climb the steps of experience. To leave a lasting impression on the modeling agency you always keep your best picture at the end of your book. In a portfolio 10 pictures are required which is divided into 5 rolls in which one to two dresses are used each role and among them the 2 pictures are selected.

Next what you need to avoid is using 2 pictures of the same shoot or same look. Avoid wearing jewelry for those prints where your look and expression is important as it takes away the attention from you. Take special care of the undergarments as the wrong choice of undergarments will distract the viewer and may create doubt on your professional look.

A portfolio is a model’s basic promotional tool displaying the best photos from tests and bookings. So it becomes essential that you get trained in the various techniques by going to an expert, or a skilled fashion photographer who could manage your potentiality well and will train you how to be comfortable with the camera and the shoot before you arrange for your portfolio. Therefore it is advisable that you get trained in the various techniques so that you can create a strong portfolio that will open the door to success. Your Portfolio will speak on behalf of you. So besides your look, personality, talent and confidence, your portfolio that consists of your best photos and strong resume is also important for you to get a chance to become a part of this glam world.